Bat (Mammalian) Vertebra

Overall Functions

  • The bat skeleton is very similar to other mammals with some special characteristics for flight

Organization of Vertebra

Bat Vertebra

Cervical Region

Cervical Region:

  • 7 vertebra
  • Function:
    • Movement of head
Thoracic Region

Thoracic Region:

  • 11 to 12 vertebra
  • Function:
    • Attachment for ribs
Lumbar Region

Lumbar Region:

  • 4 to 5 vertebra
  • Function:
    • Movement lower trunk
Sacral Region

Sacral Region:

  • 4 to 5 vertebra
  • Function:
    • Movement at the sacroiliac joint
Caudal Region

Caudal Region:

  • Up to 10 fused vertebra (humans 3 to 5)